March 10, 2020
Under constitutional law, particularly in Canada, constitutions give federal and provincial or state governments various powers. To go outside those powers would be ultra vires and a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms violation.
Section 31 - Charter does not extend powers of legislatures
31. Nothing in this Charter extends the legislative powers of any body or authority.
The Charter in no way affects the sharing of responsibilities or the distribution of powers between the provinces and the territories, and the federal government. The powers of the provincial and federal governments are set out in the Constitution Act, 1867.